In U.S. v. J.S., the defendant was accused of being the principal organizer of a Mexican drug cartel’s conspiracy to import assault rifles from the United States into Mexico. That conspiracy was the focus of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearm’s “Fast and Furious” investigation. The defendant was personally involved with the transfer of several hundred assault weapons from Arizona to Mexico. Due to the number of weapons he exported, his leadership role, his extensive criminal history, and his unlawful presence in the United States when he committed the offense, the defendant was facing a potential federal guideline sentence of 360 months to life in prison. Attorney Dudley, however, negotiated a disposition with the government which provided for a maximum sentence of 180 months. After expressing his discomfort with that plea agreement and indicating his desire to sentence the defendant to a prison term far greater than 180 months, as recommended by the United States Probation Office, the district court ultimately accepted the agreement and imposed a sentence of 15 years.